German Elections 2017

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German Elections 2017

Upcoming month the German state is going to hold its election and the politics is unfolding day by day.


As we move to the end of the third quarter of this year, the people of a Deutschland is going to cast its fate for their next 4years as the world will head towards the 19th Bundestag or familiarly The German Federal Elections 2017. This election is to decide which party would lead the German Parliament (Bundestag) and who would be the head of their federal government or renowned as The Chancellor of Germany. This election is to be held on the 24th of September 2017 as announced in the first month of this year.

We now take a look at the present framework of the Bundestag. It is leaded by the present Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel who holds this office for more than a decade, since the year 2005 and represents from the party Christian Democratic Union (CDU) which in collaboration with its sister party Christian Social Union (CSU) holds 309 seats of the 630 seats in Bundestag. Social Democratic Party (SPD), the majority opposition party holds 193 seats while the Lefts and the Greens holds 64 and 63 seats respectively.

The Bundestag has 598 nominable seats of which 299 seats (half of total seats) are elected in single-member constituencies while the other half of 299 members are allocated from party lists to achieve a proportional distribution in the legislature. As of the 18th Bundestag, the CDU/CSU and the FDP (Free Democratic Party) formed a coalition but could not secure the majority of the Bundestag as the FDP could not secure a single seat in those elections. So a grand coalition had to be formed among the CDU/CSU and the SPD to form the government.

For the upcoming elections, the CDU/CSU has announced the present Chancellor Angela Merkel to run for her fourth time in the office while the SPD has announced Martin Schulz as their leader. Martin Schulz was the President of The European Parliament for two terms (2012-2014,2014-2017) and could have ran for the third time in these elections but by the end of 2016 he announced he would run for the Chancellorship of Germany. As the SPD has lost its ground on gaining power for more than a decade, they are trying to get back on the political scenario by presenting a known and famous figure for the elections. The lefts are running under the leadership of Katja Kipping and Bernd Riexinger and the Greens have Cem Ozdemir and Simone Peter as their leaders.

The current political scenario of the country is on a roller-coaster ride, German politics was known as the boring politics as for the pre-polling scenario the CDU/CSU had a huge lead and was expected to win these elections but this scenario changed when Merkel millions of migrants into Germany, a decision which almost ruined her Chancellorship. A lot of Germans disagreed to this decision of hers. And new parties like the Alternative for Deutschland (AfD) rose their popularity in this situation. In last year's state elections in Mecklenburg, Merkel's own constituency. AfD beat her Christian Democratic Union into third place, humiliating the Chancellor in her own home ground. It seemed her days were numbered back then. Merkel apologized to the nation for her decision and took another decision to move the immigrants to other places. Even with this her distress was not too be gone until Donald Trump was elected as the US president and a good foreign relation was held up for Germany. The German people depend a lot on foreign relations and this gained Angela Merkel her popularity back. As of the most recent state elections in North Rhine-Westphalia, a state of SPD majority the outcome was rather vice-versa. Merkel's CDU won the election giving a major boost to her party for the federal elections. Whereas for Schulz it was a major blow and after this defeat he gave a call for sharpening his party's profile and to fight until the 24th of September. The SPDs' national ratings soared after Schulz was nominated as Merkel's challenger. But defeats in two other state elections since late March punctured party's euphoria over Schulz's nomination.

Now the fate of the country stands on their people. How and for whom they cast their votes and make their next head of state. We have to wait until the end of September to know what lies ahead of this election.